Questionnaires is a set of printed or written questions with a choice of answers, devised for the purposes of a survey or statistical study. Some of the types of questionnaires are questionnaire survey, group survey, individual questioning, interviewing, indirect questioning, mass survey, press questioning, post questioning, direct questioning, distributing questioning, respondent, solid questionnaire, introductory part of the questionnaire, passport, effect radiation, funnel effect, open questions, closed questions, semi-closed questions, direct questions, indirect questions, dichotomous questions, and many others. Depending on how many people are interviewed, the questionnaire is: solid and selective. With a complete questionnaire, the entire population is interviewed.
In the case of a sample survey, only a part of the general population is a sample set. This kind of questioning is most common among researchers in obtaining primary sociological information.
According to the method of filling out the questionnaire, the questionnaire can be: direct and indirect.
Direct questionnaire – answers are entered personally by the persons interviewed.
An indirect questionnaire – the answers are written down by the questionnaire. This type of questioning is used if it is difficult for the respondent to personally fill out the questionnaire. For example, because of extremely old age, because of physical trauma, poor vision, etc.
By the method of communication between the researcher and the respondent: full (personal) and correspondence.
In the face-to-face interview, the investigator communicates directly with the respondent, the questionnaire is filled in the presence of the researcher. At the same time, a hundred percent return of questionnaires is achieved, and respondents have the opportunity to receive additional individual advice on the technique of filling it. When collecting completed questionnaires, the questionnaire can check the quality of their filling.
According to the nature of the procedure for personal interviewing, the questionnaire can be group and individual.
Group questioning is a one-off, but individual questioning of respondents, who are collected for this purpose at a certain time in the same room. It is widely used at work and school. At its carrying out enough one for work with group in 15-20 person that gives the chance to collect a considerable material, without spending for this a lot of time.
Individual surveys are conducted if there is no possibility to collect respondents into one place. In this case, the survey is performed in turn.
Absentee questionnaire. When carrying out this type of questioning, the respondent fills out the questionnaire in the absence of the researcher.