Asthma has a huge impact on people’s lives. According to the CDC1, asthma caused over half a million hospitalizations and 1.9 million emergency room visits in 2009. Although the long-term illness of asthma, which affects people’s respiratory organs, maybe self-managed, there is a need for public health education initiatives to provide patients with the knowledge and skills they need to enhance their own quality of life. This strategy has the potential to minimize the frequency of hospitalizations and emergency room visits, as well as enhance patient outcomes.
The following study evaluates the influence of three similar peer-reviewed studies that focus on the same intervention strategy on long-term patient outcomes and quality of life.
Three different studies have proposed home-based interventions to educate patients and help them manage their chronic conditions. All three studies claim that combining a community health approach with home visits can improve patients’ coping abilities and reduce their risk of hospitalization or asthma attacks.
Community programs can also identify risk factors related to environmental and social inequities, such as stress, violence, crime, indoor smoking, asbestos at home or school, and mold. It is thought that identifying triggers and informing patients about them has a favorable influence on long-term health outcomes.
The efficacy and return on investment (ROI) of community health education initiatives should be assessed using evidence from relevant publications. The research articles listed above all came to the same conclusion: programs with different approaches provide numerous advantages.
Apart from lowering patient morbidity rates, the initiatives will provide long-term benefits for the millions of asthmatics in the United States, while possibly saving millions of dollars in healthcare costs by reducing emergency visits, hospitalizations, and asthma-related physician visits.
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