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The rulings, thinking, advice and ways of child rearing as adopted by the K’ang-hsi’ (The fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty) not only show his deviation from the mainstream Manchu heritage but also shows his close assimilation with the Chinese traditions and culture. In order to annul the prevailing enmity among the Chinese, due to the past atrocities against them, he strives hard to win their support. In order to build his image as a sympathetic ruler compassionate about his people, He announced Sacred Edict (sheng-yü) constituting of sixteen moral commandments, asking people to be filial to their parents, to be prudent in their livings and to assure the acquisition of knowledge and skills.
K’ang-hsi’ was a supporter of learning and a firm believer of the Chinese belief that an emperor has to be the first intellectual of the entire kingdom.”K’ang-hsi Dictionary” (K’ang-hsi tzu-tien) and the “Complete Poems of the T’ang Dynasty” (Ch’üan T’ang shih) are among the most distinguished masterpieces of literature that were composed during his tenure. K’ang-hsi’ also opened doors for the loyal and renowned but formerly disappointed Chinese intellectuals to the mainstream government administration, permitting them to take part in civil services examination in 1679. Being a man of splendid moral ethics, he was the most charismatic ruler of the Qing dynasty. Unlike the previous rulers, his only desire was to die in with a peace of mind, as he had been solely sincere in his rulings for the past more than fifty years of his power. He demonstrated and efficiently used his utmost potentials and qualities while ruling.
Not he was a staunch realist and an opponent of super naturalism, K’ang-hsi’ also did not believe in miracles, luck, unicorns, heaven, blessings and divine commandments or Books since they were all of no worth in his eyes. Never did he allow his people to discuss super naturalism and magic despite the history advocates occurrence of such incidents. The king’s major concern was to rule justly and sincerely. He sternly considered that ailing man can be treated by winning his trust not by putting him into an impossible deception as Manchu used to practice. In his view, physical strength and mental satisfaction can be achieved just by adopting careful habits in daily life and by being precautions about own health even under ordinary circumstances.
K’ang-hsi’ brought up his children in a way different from what was previously been assumed by the preceding emperors. Even one of his order in the Sacred Edict (sheng-yü) asked people to make their sons and brothers avoid committing any evil. Majority of the guidelines that K’ang-hsi’ shared Even one of his order in the Sacred Edict (sheng-yü) asked people to make their sons and brothers avoid committing any evil. with his children orbited about attaining inner satisfaction at mind, instead of running after authority and chasing wealth.These thoughts and notions of K’ang-hsi’ help to establish the fact that he adopted Chinese values and deviated himself from the typical Manchu culture.
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